This paper analyses the links between Latin America and the Caribbean
(LAC) and Arab countries. The relations between regional organisations in
LAC and their peers in North Africa and the Arab world are still fairly nascent
and represent a much understudied area of interregionalism in the global
order. However, three cases of recent institutional rapprochement between
LAC regional organisations (i.e. CELAC, UNASUR and Mercosur) and a
North African and Arab world regional institution (i.e. the LAS) are
remarkable. The re-launching of South-South cooperation in recent decades
in a multipolar context has favoured rapprochement between LAC and the
Arab world. Despite the fact that both regions are not a priority for each
other, relations and exchanges have grown constantly over the last 10-12
years, accompanied by a progressive institutionalisation of high-level
political dialogue. This study aims to identify and analyse the main drivers
behind this multi-layered interregionalism as well as the obstacles in its way
by examining how it is fostered by political, economic and social state and
non-state actors.

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