This paper describes the evolution of cyber defence in
Brazil, from early discussions in the 2000s to specific
policies and measures implemented to develop the
national capability to conduct international cyber
operations if necessary. Although Brazil has been
strengthening its cyber defence capacity for the past
two decades, the major international events hosted
by the country from 2012 to 2016, such as the World
Cup and the Olympic Games,1 marked a watershed
in Brazil’s cyber defence capacity development.
During this period, not only did Brazil solidify its cyber
defence military structure, it also developed a cyber
defence doctrine aimed at unifying concepts and
guiding operations in cyberspace.

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