Fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) represent a critical development
challenge that threatens efforts to end extreme poverty and promote
shared prosperity. Two billion people live in countries where development
outcomes are affected by FCV, including many countries in
Africa. Of the 38 countries on the World Bank’s official 2018 FCV
list, 20 can be found in Africa. Moreover, while the global share of the
extreme poor living in conflict-affected situations is about 20%, this
number is much higher in Africa, around 32%. In fact, nearly 80%
of all poor people living in conflict-affected situations reside in Africa
(Fig. 1).

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