On January 20, 2021, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (“the
Bank”) engaged our firm to review the internal circumstances at the Bank that contributed
to the data irregularities identified in the Doing Business 2018 and Doing Business 2020
reports. To that end, we undertook to understand: (1) how improper changes to the data
for China (Doing Business 2018) and Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and
Azerbaijan (Doing Business 2020) were effected; (2) who at the Bank directed,
implemented, or knew about the changes to the data and how their direction or pressure
manifested; and (3) what internal circumstances, whether related to policies, personnel, or
culture, allowed for the changes to take place.1

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