This study, carried out in Mali, is part of the implementation of the regional
project entitled “Renforcer la résilience des populations pastorales et
agropastorales transfrontalières dans les zones prioritaires du Sahel”
(“Strengthening the resilience of cross-border pastoral and agropastoral
populations in priority areas of the Sahel”).1 Initiated by the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), it aims to contribute
to the resilience of cross-border pastoral and agropastoral populations
in priority areas in the Sahel (defined by the G5 Sahel) to prevent and
mitigate the impact of agro-climate and security risks on food security
through innovative and structuring activities.2
In general, the research carried out by the team at the local level aimed
to highlight the issues that would allow understanding the dynamics of
the conflicts over natural resources and to assess the legitimacy and
effectiveness of the different types of mechanisms for managing these
conflicts in Mali, mainly in the three regions of the project intervention
area (Mopti, Gao and Menaka).

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