This paper analyses results from the 2020 edition of the OECD’s multidimensional fragility framework. Its snapshot of the state of fragility in the world today updates the analysis from the 2016 and 2018 States of Fragility reports. As a background paper to the latest report in the series, States of Fragility 2020, its aim is to inform the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members’ global work on fragility. Its primary intended audience is the DAC. A secondary audience is researchers and practitioners who work on and in fragile contexts.