Having actionable maritime domain awareness (MDA) enables South African decision makers to determine how best to deploy maritime security capabilities if a threat at sea (or on maritime-related infrastructure), a crime being committed or a situation with a high level of risk if left alone are identified.
South Africa’s maritime surveillance capability and maritime security vulnerabilities swiftly become high-profile public issues, especially regarding the prevention of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.
The challenge of funding to achieve the Defence Review milestones has further implications for MDA given its prominence in the second milestone. While elements of the second milestone are being achieved, further enhancement and consolidation of MDA technology and the fusion of acquired data is contingent on sustained funding.

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