The global climate finance architecture tends to restrain emerging economies from
mobilising and accessing global private commercial capital for energy transition.
This brief explores the different global financial regulations that influence climate
capital flows between countries, and argues that institutions must enhance their role
in facilitating the optimal allocation of capital. It evaluates the role of Multilateral
Development Banks from a risk management perspective; the International Financial
Regulations from a reporting perspective; institutional investors from a return’s
perspective; and finally, political consensus from a mobilisation perspective. The brief
suggests that global financial regulations and climate policies can be aligned better with
the needs and characteristics of emerging economies, to attract capital and resources
required for climate mitigation and adaptation.

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